跳至主要內容

From Tai Chi to Pa Kua to I Ching

Tai Chi is a Taoist philosophical concept representing the origin of Heaven and Earth and all matter in the world. The character ‘Tai’(太)literally means ‘Supreme’ while ‘Chi’(極)has the literal meaning of ‘Ultimate’. Tai Chi transcends the limits of both space and time. The Taoists called it ‘Tao’(道), meaning ‘The Way’.

In the Tai Chi motif, the white half on the left side represents Yang while the black half on the right ride represents Yin. The black spot on the white half is the Yin in the Yang; white spot on the black half is the Yang in the Yin.

According to Tai Chi principles, the genesis of the Universe is to be found in the two opposite forces within Tai Chi:- Yin and Yang. They are jointly Known as Leung Yee(兩儀), or Two Basics.

A single Yin line with a single Yang Line are referred to as the Two Basics. The Yin line represents the black half of the Tai Chi motif whereas the Yang Line represents the white half.

The Two Basics interact to produce change and give rise to Sei Jeung(四象), or the Four Emblems, which are each represented by two lines. These Four Emblems are responsible for the formation of the Universe, and can be classified as Old Yin, Young Yang, Young Yin and Old Yang.

The interaction of Yin and Yang also causes the formation from the Four Emblems of eight more entities that affect the growth of plants, the birth of animals and even the evolution of the human race. These entities are known as the Pa Kua(八卦) or the Eight Trigrams and are shown below:-

The completion of the ancient Chinese text, the I Ching, was also based on the theory of Tai Chi, and the 64 Hexagrams of the I Ching were derived from the Pa Kua. The process by which, in a logical sequence, the 64 Hexagrams of the I Ching were derived from the Tai Chi motif is reproduced below. It is a sequence which can be continued ad infinitum. The Taoists believed that in this way all the matter in the world could be traced back to the Tai Chi motif.

此網誌的熱門文章

太極拳 (方拳)

影片

1 預備式
2 太極起式
3 七星勢
4 攬雀尾
5 單鞭
6 斜飛勢
7 提手上勢
8 白鶴晾翅
9 摟膝抝步
10 左七星勢
11 摟膝抝步
12 左七星勢
13 手揮琵琶
14 上步搬攔捶
15 如封似閉
16 抱虎歸山
17 十字手
18 斜摟膝抝步
19 轉身摟膝抝步
20 七星勢
21 攬雀尾
22 斜單鞭
23 肘底看捶
24 倒攆猴
25 斜飛勢
26 提手上勢
27 白鶴晾翅
28 摟膝抝步
29 左七星勢
30 海底針
31 扇通背
32 翻身撇身捶
33 退步搬攔捶
34 上步攬雀尾
35 單鞭
36 雲手
37 單鞭
38 左高探馬
39 左披身
40 右分腳
41 右高探馬
42 右披身
43 左分腳
44 轉身蹬腳
45 摟膝抝步
46 進步栽捶
47 翻身撇身捶
48 上步左高探馬
49 左披身
50 右分腳
51 退步七星
52 退步打虎
53 披身踢腳
54 雙峯貫耳
55 右披身
56 左分腳
57 轉身蹬腳
58 撇身捶
59 上步搬攔捶
60 如封似閉
61 抱虎歸山
62 十字手
63 斜摟膝抝步
64 轉身摟膝抝步
65 七星勢
66 攬雀尾
67 斜單鞭
68 七星勢
69 野馬分鬃
70 七星勢
71 野馬分鬃
72 七星勢
73 野馬分鬃
74 玉女穿梭
75 七星勢
76 野馬分鬃
77 玉女穿梭
78 七星勢
79 攬雀尾
80 單鞭
81 雲手
82 單鞭
83 低身下勢
84 金雞獨立
85 倒攆猴
86 橫斜飛勢
87 提手上勢
88 白鶴晾翅
89 摟膝抝步
90 左七星勢
91 海底針
92 扇通背
93 撇身睡
94 上步搬攔捶
95 上步攬雀尾
96 單鞭
97 雲手
98 單鞭
99 高探馬
100 撲面掌
101 轉身十字擺蓮腿
102 摟膝抝步
103 上步指檔捶
104 上步攬雀尾
105 單鞭
106 低身下勢
107 上步七星
108 退步跨虎
109 轉身撲面掌
110 轉身雙擺蓮
111 彎弓射虎
112 左高探馬
113 撲面掌
114 翻身撇身捶
115 上步高探馬
116 上步攬雀尾
117 單鞭
118 合太極
119 收式