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The Changes of Yin and Yang

Generally speaking, Yin and Yang are complementary opposites and are the two factors which combine to form Tai Chi. Since Tai Chi itself is an abstract concept, the Universe and all the matter in it cannot be understood until after Tai Chi is divided into, and analysed in accordance with, Yin and Yang. Yin signifies softness, weakness, female, stillness, interior, bending, Earth, Moon, night, negative, and the dark side of all matter. Yang signifies hardness, strength, male, motion, exterior, unbending, Heaven, Sun, day, positive and the bright side of all matter.

In a favourable environment Yin and Yang will interact and develop, but in an unfavourable environment they will repel one another and destroy all matter. Yin and Yang counteract and yet interact. When in any one situation their interaction reaches a conclusion, the natural phenomena in that situation will follow a pattern of variation in constant repetition, as is shown in the diagrams set out below. These diagrams, in representing the changes of Yin and Yang, also represent the Four Emblems:-

A. Young Yang
Yang is ascending while Yin is descending. Yang here represents spring, brightness and the sun. In terms of time, it is the morning of the day. This is why this propitious motif is shown on the cover of this book and also should be the motif of all Tai Chi Chuan schools.

B. Old Yang
Yang is on top while Yin is underneath. This is Yang at its strongest point, where it completely dominates Yin. This means the sun is at its zenith and the time is noon. It is now summer time.

C. Young Yin
Yang is now descending while Yin is ascending. Yin represents the moon and darkness, so it is now evening time. The brightness of the sun is now on the wane. The leaves are falling and autumn has come.

D. Old Yin
Yang has reached its nadir while Yin has reached its zenith. Yin has followed Yang as night follows day. The time is now midnight. Old Yin will be followed by Young Yang. Winter in now with us.

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太極拳 (方拳)

影片

1 預備式
2 太極起式
3 七星勢
4 攬雀尾
5 單鞭
6 斜飛勢
7 提手上勢
8 白鶴晾翅
9 摟膝抝步
10 左七星勢
11 摟膝抝步
12 左七星勢
13 手揮琵琶
14 上步搬攔捶
15 如封似閉
16 抱虎歸山
17 十字手
18 斜摟膝抝步
19 轉身摟膝抝步
20 七星勢
21 攬雀尾
22 斜單鞭
23 肘底看捶
24 倒攆猴
25 斜飛勢
26 提手上勢
27 白鶴晾翅
28 摟膝抝步
29 左七星勢
30 海底針
31 扇通背
32 翻身撇身捶
33 退步搬攔捶
34 上步攬雀尾
35 單鞭
36 雲手
37 單鞭
38 左高探馬
39 左披身
40 右分腳
41 右高探馬
42 右披身
43 左分腳
44 轉身蹬腳
45 摟膝抝步
46 進步栽捶
47 翻身撇身捶
48 上步左高探馬
49 左披身
50 右分腳
51 退步七星
52 退步打虎
53 披身踢腳
54 雙峯貫耳
55 右披身
56 左分腳
57 轉身蹬腳
58 撇身捶
59 上步搬攔捶
60 如封似閉
61 抱虎歸山
62 十字手
63 斜摟膝抝步
64 轉身摟膝抝步
65 七星勢
66 攬雀尾
67 斜單鞭
68 七星勢
69 野馬分鬃
70 七星勢
71 野馬分鬃
72 七星勢
73 野馬分鬃
74 玉女穿梭
75 七星勢
76 野馬分鬃
77 玉女穿梭
78 七星勢
79 攬雀尾
80 單鞭
81 雲手
82 單鞭
83 低身下勢
84 金雞獨立
85 倒攆猴
86 橫斜飛勢
87 提手上勢
88 白鶴晾翅
89 摟膝抝步
90 左七星勢
91 海底針
92 扇通背
93 撇身睡
94 上步搬攔捶
95 上步攬雀尾
96 單鞭
97 雲手
98 單鞭
99 高探馬
100 撲面掌
101 轉身十字擺蓮腿
102 摟膝抝步
103 上步指檔捶
104 上步攬雀尾
105 單鞭
106 低身下勢
107 上步七星
108 退步跨虎
109 轉身撲面掌
110 轉身雙擺蓮
111 彎弓射虎
112 左高探馬
113 撲面掌
114 翻身撇身捶
115 上步高探馬
116 上步攬雀尾
117 單鞭
118 合太極
119 收式