跳至主要內容

Tai Chi Internal Strength

In ancient times, Internal Strength was the first thing a Tai Chi Chuan master would teach his students. It provided them with a strong foundation on which to build the rest of the art. However, as society became more complex and teachers began to depend on Tai Chi Chuan for a living and thus taught more students, it came to be that Internal Strength was only taught to those students who had a sound character and would not abuse or misuse what they had learned. It took time to assess students in this way and so, nowadays, students will normally be taught the Hand Form and Pushing Hands first. Indeed, most self-styled ‘masters’ only know the Hand Form and one or two styles of the Pushing Hands.

Internal Strength is the most important part of the art of Tai Chi Chuan, as well as being the most mysterious and least understood. The creator of Tai Chi Chuan, Chang San Feng, found that skill alone was insufficient especially when facing more than one opponent. There is an old saying in the Chinese martial arts, ‘two hands cannot deal with four’. In other words, when faced with more than one opponent, even if our defence is good, we must expect to take some punishment. If our body is weak we may sustain severe injuries, while our own blows will lack power and will not hurt our opponent enough to stop him, even if they hit a vital point. This means that before we can be good fighters we need to develop a strong physique. Chang San Feng solved these problems by developing a special exercise called Internal Strength which faithfully follows the Yin Yang theory.

The Internal Strength regulates breathing and improves blood circulation. Practice loosens and relaxes the joints, making our movements more fluid, which in turn leads to quicker reactions and greater speed in attack and defence. Our sense of balance will also improve with practice.

As with the rest of Tai Chi Chuan we have Yin and Yang in the Internal Strength. There is a series of twelve Yin exercises and a complementary series of twelve Yang exercises. The Yin exercises are designed to develop our health and physique and are of especial value when the student has had a history of psychological problems, such as nervous breakdown, or where he suffers from a physical ailment such as stomach ulcers. It is for this reason that the Yin styles are taught first. The Yang styles are designed to increase our power and physical strength, though the Yin styles also do this, but to a lesser extent.

As well as physical and mental benefits, some of both the Yin and Yang styles have a practical combat application. Before being taught the Internal Strength it is necessary for the student to undergo a simple initiation ceremony in which respects are paid to a portrait of Chang San Feng, the founder, before which the student promises to be bound by the Twelve Commandments.

此網誌的熱門文章

太極拳 (方拳)

影片

1 預備式
2 太極起式
3 七星勢
4 攬雀尾
5 單鞭
6 斜飛勢
7 提手上勢
8 白鶴晾翅
9 摟膝抝步
10 左七星勢
11 摟膝抝步
12 左七星勢
13 手揮琵琶
14 上步搬攔捶
15 如封似閉
16 抱虎歸山
17 十字手
18 斜摟膝抝步
19 轉身摟膝抝步
20 七星勢
21 攬雀尾
22 斜單鞭
23 肘底看捶
24 倒攆猴
25 斜飛勢
26 提手上勢
27 白鶴晾翅
28 摟膝抝步
29 左七星勢
30 海底針
31 扇通背
32 翻身撇身捶
33 退步搬攔捶
34 上步攬雀尾
35 單鞭
36 雲手
37 單鞭
38 左高探馬
39 左披身
40 右分腳
41 右高探馬
42 右披身
43 左分腳
44 轉身蹬腳
45 摟膝抝步
46 進步栽捶
47 翻身撇身捶
48 上步左高探馬
49 左披身
50 右分腳
51 退步七星
52 退步打虎
53 披身踢腳
54 雙峯貫耳
55 右披身
56 左分腳
57 轉身蹬腳
58 撇身捶
59 上步搬攔捶
60 如封似閉
61 抱虎歸山
62 十字手
63 斜摟膝抝步
64 轉身摟膝抝步
65 七星勢
66 攬雀尾
67 斜單鞭
68 七星勢
69 野馬分鬃
70 七星勢
71 野馬分鬃
72 七星勢
73 野馬分鬃
74 玉女穿梭
75 七星勢
76 野馬分鬃
77 玉女穿梭
78 七星勢
79 攬雀尾
80 單鞭
81 雲手
82 單鞭
83 低身下勢
84 金雞獨立
85 倒攆猴
86 橫斜飛勢
87 提手上勢
88 白鶴晾翅
89 摟膝抝步
90 左七星勢
91 海底針
92 扇通背
93 撇身睡
94 上步搬攔捶
95 上步攬雀尾
96 單鞭
97 雲手
98 單鞭
99 高探馬
100 撲面掌
101 轉身十字擺蓮腿
102 摟膝抝步
103 上步指檔捶
104 上步攬雀尾
105 單鞭
106 低身下勢
107 上步七星
108 退步跨虎
109 轉身撲面掌
110 轉身雙擺蓮
111 彎弓射虎
112 左高探馬
113 撲面掌
114 翻身撇身捶
115 上步高探馬
116 上步攬雀尾
117 單鞭
118 合太極
119 收式