跳至主要內容

文章

顯示包含「I Ching」標籤的文章

Practical Interpretations of Yin and Yang

The Chinese Lunar Year can also be explained in terms of Yin and Yang. The six Spring and Summer months represent Yang while the six Autumn and Winter months represent Yin. The Chinese Year usually begins at the end of January or beginning of February, which is also the beginning of Spring. Spring and Summer are times of positive growth and activity and so represent Yang, while Autumn and Winter are periods of decline and passivity and so represent Yin. With the help of the hexagrams of the I Ching and the Tai Chi motif let us examine the changes of Yin and Yang that take place during these 12 months. The Tai Chi motifs can be looked at in two ways; at A they represent complementary increases and decreases of Yin and Yang while at B they show how, when either Yin or Yang ascends, the other descends.

This clearly shows the inevitable and continuous nature of the change of Yin and Yang. In subsequent pages we will discover how and why this theory was used to create the martial art we kn…

From Tai Chi to Pa Kua to I Ching

Tai Chi is a Taoist philosophical concept representing the origin of Heaven and Earth and all matter in the world. The character ‘Tai’(太)literally means ‘Supreme’ while ‘Chi’(極)has the literal meaning of ‘Ultimate’. Tai Chi transcends the limits of both space and time. The Taoists called it ‘Tao’(道), meaning ‘The Way’.

In the Tai Chi motif, the white half on the left side represents Yang while the black half on the right ride represents Yin. The black spot on the white half is the Yin in the Yang; white spot on the black half is the Yang in the Yin.

According to Tai Chi principles, the genesis of the Universe is to be found in the two opposite forces within Tai Chi:- Yin and Yang. They are jointly Known as Leung Yee(兩儀), or Two Basics.

A single Yin line with a single Yang Line are referred to as the Two Basics. The Yin line represents the black half of the Tai Chi motif whereas the Yang Line represents the white half.

The Two Basics interact to produce change and give rise to Sei Jeun…

太極推手之原理及應用研究

練習太極拳,先從單式循序練習入手,或稱盤架子,在掌握了整套太極拳招式之後,便持之以恆地鍛煉無間,漸漸體會太極拳慢練的道理,領悟太極拳虛實,剛柔之道,與及何謂借力打力,捨己從人,以小勝大,以弱勝強,以慢打快的道理,在此同時,更旁及推手的練習,因為要明瞭以上道理,必須透過推手的鍛煉,才能實際體會個中道理,再配合散手的訓練,才能達至強身健體,以弱勝強之目的,否則亦得一套空架子而已,沒有內容,亦不能應用,好像讀書而不求解一樣道理。
在整套太極拳練習體系中,推手是不能缺少的,拳經云:「着熟而漸悟懂勁,而階及神明」。意即指此,我們在練習招式純熟之後,便要悟懂勁之道,最後才能達到神明的境界。至於如何掌握懂勁之道,則以推手為入門功夫。
太極拳發勁的方法有八種,即「掤、扌履、擠、按、採、挒、肘、靠」,而在戰術應用上,有五大原則,就是「黏、連、棉、隨、不丟頂」。要靈活掌握五大原則及八勁的原理及應用,推手可說是不二法門。
推手的內容,包括有「定步單推手,定步雙推手,活步、九宮步、七星步、大扌履步,肘扌履及俯仰」……等多種。而在練習上述各種推手時,可適當地發揮太極拳之八勁。上述之內容有限,但變化可說是無窮。
透過推手的訓練,可使我們反應快捷,感覺靈敏度提高,練習之初,先從鬆入手,在與對手搭手之間,從手部接觸之點,去感覺對方之攻勢與虛實,在這訓練過程中,可分為三個階段或可說是三個境界,就是第一:「不知不覺」,這是最初的階段,因為如上文說我們透過推手去領悟感覺,亦即所謂聽勁,即從手接觸感應對方發力,而於第一時間及時作出化解,根本沒有經過大腦的思考,手上即已作出第一時間之反應,而初學者對此,可說是毫無體會,更遑論作出反應,所以初學者,大都是在對方一發勁,便毫無反應地倒下了,根本連對方在何時發出這股勁力也不知道,這可說是不知不覺。
而為較好一點的,就是「後知後覺」,在練習一段時間後,被對方發得多了,吃虧多了,於是便能從失敗中吸取經驗和教訓,從手的感覺告訴他,對方已發動攻勢了,這時雖然知道,心裏想化解或閃卸,但卻來不及,有心無力,這是技力不足與境界的問題,但可能間中偶或有一二次成功地化解,這屬於中期這後知後覺階段。
最高境界的可說是「先知先覺」了,一般來說,必須經過長期練習,不斷吃虧,及無數次失敗方能臻此境界。到此階段,在雙方一搭手之間,對方進攻與否?是虛是實,心中早已了然,甚至可從容地試探對方,…